什麼是犯罪記錄?

Have you broken the corona rules and been fined?您是否違反了電暈放電規則並被罰款? Then, until recently, you ran the risk of having a criminal record.然後,直到最近,您還冒著犯罪記錄的風險。 The corona fines continue to exist, but there is no longer a note on the criminal record.電暈罰款仍然存在,但犯罪記錄上不再有記錄。 Why have criminal records been such a thorn in the side of the House of Representatives and have they chosen to abolish this measure?為什麼犯罪記錄在眾議院如此刺痛,為什麼選擇廢除這項措施呢?

什麼是犯罪記錄?

新聞項目

100月,罰款數量超過100。司法和安全部部長格拉珀豪斯(Grapperhaus)堅持這一點,因為他本人因在自己的婚禮上不遵守電暈規則而受到罰款,因此擁有犯罪記錄。

後果

Criminal records can have a major impact on the offenders.犯罪記錄會對罪犯產生重大影響。 When you apply for a job, a VOG (Certificate of Good Conduct) is sometimes applied for.當您申請工作時,有時會申請VOG(良好行為證明)。 This is a declaration which shows that your behaviour does not constitute an objection to the performance of a certain task or position in society.這是一份聲明,表明您的行為並不構成對社會中某項任務或職位的反對。 A criminal record may mean that you do not receive a VOG.犯罪記錄可能意味著您沒有收到VOG。 In that case you are no longer allowed to practice some profession, such as solicitor, teacher or bailiff.在這種情況下,您將不再被允許從事某些職業,例如律師,老師或法警。 Sometimes a visa or residence permit may be refused.有時,簽證或居留許可可能會被拒絕。 An insurance company can also ask you if you have a criminal record when you apply for insurance.保險公司還可以在您申請保險時詢問您是否有犯罪記錄。 In that case you are obliged to tell the truth.在這種情況下,您必須說實話。 Because of the criminal record you may not get an insurance.由於犯罪記錄,您可能無法獲得保險。

訪問和存儲犯罪數據

Do you not know if you have a criminal record?你不知道你有犯罪記錄嗎? You can access your criminal record by sending a letter or e-mail to the Judicial Information Service (Justid).您可以通過發送信件或電子郵件給司法信息服務中心(Justid)來訪問犯罪記錄。 The Justid is part of the Ministry of Justice and Security.司法人員隸屬於司法和安全部。 If you disagree with what is on your criminal record, you can apply for a change.如果您不同意犯罪記錄,則可以申請更改。 This is called a request for correction.這稱為更正請求。 This request must be submitted to the Front Office of the Justid.此請求必須提交給Justid的前台。 You will receive a written decision on the request within four weeks.您將在四個星期內收到關於該請求的書面決定。 Certain retention periods apply to the judicial data of the offences on the criminal record.某些保留期限適用於犯罪記錄上犯罪的司法數據。 The law determines how long this information must remain in existence.法律確定該信息必須保留多長時間。 These periods are shorter for offences than for crimes.犯罪時間短於犯罪時間。 In the case of a criminal decision, for example in the case of the corona fine, the data will be deleted 5 years after full payment of the fine.在刑事判決的情況下,例如在電暈罰款的情況下,將在全額支付罰款XNUMX年後刪除數據。

聯繫律師

Because a criminal record has such major consequences, it is sensible to contact a lawyer as soon as possible if, for example, you have received a coronafine or have committed an offence.由於犯罪記錄具有如此重大的後果,因此明智的做法是,例如,如果您收到了電暈膏或犯罪,請盡快與律師聯繫。 There may, in fact, be a certain period of time within which opposition must be lodged with the public prosecutor.實際上,在一定時期內必須向檢察官提出異議。 Sometimes it may seem easier to simply pay a fine or comply with community service, for example in the case of a criminal decision.有時候,簡單地支付罰款或遵守社區服務似乎更容易,例如在刑事判決中。 Nevertheless, it is better to have the situation assessed by a lawyer.但是,最好由律師評估情況。 After all, the public prosecutor can also make mistakes or establish wrongful guilt.畢竟,檢察官也可能犯錯或犯下錯誤的罪行。 In addition, the public prosecutor or the judge may sometimes be more lenient than the official who imposed the fine or recorded the offence.此外,檢察官或法官有時可能比判處罰款或記錄犯罪的官員寬容。 A lawyer can check whether the fine is justified and can let you know if it is a good decision to appeal.律師可以檢查罰款是否合理,並可以讓您知道是否可以上訴。 The lawyer can write the notice of opposition and assist the judge if necessary.律師可以寫出異議通知,並在必要時協助法官。

Do you have any questions about the above subject or would you like to know what we can do for you?您對以上主題有任何疑問,或者您想知道我們可以為您做些什麼? Please feel free to contact the lawyers at請隨時與律師聯繫 Law & More for more information.了解更多信息。 Even if you are not sure whether you need a lawyer.即使您不確定是否需要律師。 Our expert and specialised lawyers in the field of criminal law will be happy to assist you.我們在刑法領域的專家和專業律師將很樂意為您提供幫助。

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